HISTORICAL MEMORY

Spain drafts bill against remaining legacy of Franco era

The new law will offer citizenship to the descendants of members of the International Brigades, who fought on the republican side during the civil war

SPANISH CIVIL WAR

Spain to release funds for mass grave exhumations

Government announces €750,000 in grants, nine years after conservatives slashed the budget for historical memory projects

HISTORICAL MEMORY

Franco’s exhumation: Bringing an end to a symbol of the Spanish dictatorship

Forty-four years later, the remains of the late autocrat were transferred from the Valley of the Fallen today to a cemetery in Madrid, cheered on by supporters

HISTORICAL MEMORY

The rattle that united a mother shot in the Spanish Civil War and her 83-year-old son

Catalina Muñoz Arranz took the toy with her to her execution, and nearly eight decades later it has been returned to her child, who was just eight months old when she was killed

HISTORICAL MEMORY

Spanish Civil War: The woman who took a baby rattle to her execution

Archeologists found the toy lying next to the body of Catalina Muñoz, who was shot in 1936 and buried in Palencia, northern Spain