Fifteen migrants who had been stranded aboard a Spanish sea rescue ship for nearly a month near Italian shores arrived on Friday morning in San Roque, in the southern Spanish province of Cádiz.
The military ship Audaz entered the port of Crinavis at around 8.45am. There were 14 men and one woman on board, aged between 18 and 30, whose countries of origin were listed as Eritrea, Sudan, Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Liberia and Ethiopia.
This latest crisis has newly illustrated the EU’s inability to come up with a common immigration policy
Due to Italy and Malta’s closed-port policies, the ship remained at sea for 19 days while EU member states negotiated a deal to share out the new arrivals. The Open Arms was eventually allowed to dock in the Italian island of Lampedusa after prosecutors issued orders for the migrants to be disembarked due to critical conditions on board the ship.
This latest crisis has newly illustrated the EU’s inability to come up with a common immigration policy that is acceptable to all member states. The case has also had domestic repercussions, with Spain’s acting Socialist Party (PSOE) facing accusations of inconsistency in its immigration policy.
Under the recently negotiated scheme, Spain agreed to take in 15 people while France, Germany, Romania, Portugal and Luxembourg offered to accept other migrants from the Open Arms.
The Italian prosecutor's instructions to disembark them in Lampedusa came just as the Spanish government had ordered the Audaz to go out and aid the struggling rescue vessel, where conditions had been deteriorating rapidly.
The new arrivals in Spain will be admitted into Cádiz’s immigrant services network. For now none of them have applied for asylum, although it remains an option, said Labor Minister Magdalena Valerio.
This is the fourth time that the Open Arms, run by a Catalan non-profit group, has taken rescued migrants to Spain: one time to Barcelona and three times to Cádiz.
The Spanish government’s management of the situation has drawn criticism from both the left and the right, forcing acting deputy PM Carmen Calvo to defend the executive’s actions.
In an extraordinary congressional appearance requested by the leftist group Unidas Podemos, Calvo on Thursday underscored that irregular arrivals through the Strait of Gibraltar have dropped 43%. She also noted Morocco’s increased cooperation in the last 14 months.
“To the exceptions, we have responded with international legislation, respecting human rights,” she said referring to Open Arms. The right accuses the government of attracting human smuggling networks after Spain took in the Aquarius, another rescue ship carrying migrants that was rejected by Italy and Malta. And Unidas Podemos is critical of the fact that the Pedro Sánchez administration has announced it will remove the barbed wire from border fences in the Spanish exclave cities of Ceuta and Melilla, while “giving €35 million to Morocco, which has barbed wire on its side,” said party official Noelia Vera.
The session took place three weeks before the deadline to reach a political deal that will allow a new government to be formed in Spain following the general election of April 28. If no candidate is successful, Spaniards will go to the polls again in November.
English version by Susana Urra.