A young woman appears in a TikTok video lip-syncing over the following audio: “She says to me ‘oh, he left you and stayed with me.’ And I replied: ‘yes, but I have white armpits,’” she concludes, showing her white and depilated armpit. Below, there are a bunch of comments. The first one says in English: “I wish, I’ve tried everything.”
So, yes, it seems that now, in addition to life’s thousand aesthetic mandates, there is one that is... new? Well, actually, not so much. By now we know that beauty standards are capricious impositions that have been given the patina of false objectivity and that, as an artificial construction, have a contextual character. It is just one more anti-human torment.
Anti-human, yes, because pretending that the skin, the largest organ of the body, should be free of pimples, spots, scars or hairs, after a certain age, no matter how little one has lived, is either an impossible endeavor or costs money.
And hairs and spots sometimes go hand in hand, since the skin irritation caused by recurrent hair removal is one of the causes of hyperpigmentation, which can also occur in other areas. However, it is not the only reason; hyperpigmentation can also appear as a consequence of diabetes or insulin resistance. Esthetic physician Andrés F. Córdoba Gómez points out that dark skins are also prone to hyperpigmentation in areas of friction, which can be aggravated by metabolic diseases.
Therefore, before starting any treatment, whether at home or not, it is always best to go to a doctor to determine what is causing it. That is exactly what the Afro-Colombian digital content creator Cirle Tatis Arzuza, known in social media circles as Cirlepelobueno, recommends. Accompanied by dermatologist Sindy Rentería, she opened a can of worms on her Instagram profile when she decided to touch on this topic and linked it to the racist thinking that exists in her country: there are those who believe that Black women darken because dirt has penetrated their skin and is embedded in it.
Beyond the bleach ads, the identification between white and clean and black with a lack of hygiene has a long tradition. Take, for example, these verses by the 17th-century Spanish poet Francisco de Quevedo:
“They finished eating
and a Guinean minister came in,
to give them a water pitcher
with a coconut and a cauldron. For a towel he brought over his shoulder
the cloths of a burial.
They washed themselves and the water remained
to dirty a whole kingdom.”
Boda de negros [Black Wedding] is the name of the poem to which the excerpt belongs; it is from the famous Spanish Golden Age. There has been a lot of water under the bridge since those days, but nevertheless, there are still entrenched prejudices not only associated with the armpits, but also with other parts of the body that tend to have a darker tone, such as the groin, elbows and knees, because of the hyperpigmentation to which Dr. Córdoba alluded.
The thing is that what seemed to be just another post went viral and presented an excellent opportunity for many Black women who have not taken off their long sleeves or gone to the pool or the beach for years, no matter the weather, because of the embarrassment they feel when others see their hyperpigmented armpits. In fact, Cirle herself admits that she used to wear extensions or very long braids in order to cover them up so that they would not show in photos.
Her video had sequels, there was a second, a third and even a fourth instalment and all of them worked really well online. In the last one, she revealed some of the tricks that have helped her to lighten her own armpits: depilate less frequently and use scissors instead of wax or razors, reduce or eliminate from her routines the use of deodorants with aluminum and alcohol and sprays, and opt for other types of alternatives. Finally, she advised her followers to be patient because no remedy works immediately. She admits that it has taken her four years.
Dr. Córdoba laments that social media is altering the perception of hair, weight and skin through the use of filters that show models who are completely unrealistic. He points out that he prefers not to treat cases like the one in question because, while laser treatment could be a depigmenting option, the risk of post-treatment irritation exists and there is no guarantee of achieving the desired results. In his opinion, it is better to take precautions by avoiding mechanical or chemical hair removal, as they can lead to post-inflammatory pigmentation, especially in dark skin.
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