Vox leaders in Madrid come under fire for real estate deals

Rocío Monasterio signed floor plans before being a registered architect, and she and her husband sold industrial properties that were used for residential purposes

The door of the 'loft' on Amalia street, an old workshop that Monasterio converted into a living space.
The door of the 'loft' on Amalia street, an old workshop that Monasterio converted into a living space.VÍCTOR SAINZ

Rocío Monasterio, a high-ranking official of Spain’s far-right party Vox and a lawmaker in the Madrid regional assembly, has come under fire after it emerged that she headed an architect studio that carried out several projects in the capital before she was herself a registered professional.

The studio Rocío Monasterio y Asociados worked on three lofts on Number 6, Villafranca street, among other projects. This newspaper has seen floor plans from September 2003 that clearly state: “Architect: Rocío Monasterio.”

Iván and Rocío nearly destroyed my life

Amaya P.S., loft owner

Yet Monasterio completed her end-of-the-year project in October 2009, as shown by the library records of Madrid’s Polytechnic University, where she obtained her degree. Two months later, on December 21, 2009, she registered with COAM, the official architects’ association of Madrid.

The president of Vox’s Madrid branch has declined to answer questions, either personally or through a spokesperson, regarding her studies. On Monday, she gave a news conference at which she claimed that “right now I cannot recollect when I was or wasn’t an architect.”

Between 2007 and 2008, Monasterio and her husband Iván Espinosa de los Monteros, a real estate developer who is also a regional Vox leader, built eight lofts on the site of a former plastics factory in downtown Madrid without a building license, according to city documents that this newspaper has seen. “There are no records of any building license being processed on those dates,” confirmed a spokesperson at the Madrid department of city planning.

Rocio Monasterio, Vox leader in Madrid.
Rocio Monasterio, Vox leader in Madrid.EP

The couple later sold some of these lofts as housing, even though they were built on a site zoned as non-residential. For nearly a year they lived in one of the ground-floor lofts with the two children they had at the time, according to some of the building residents, although Monasterio and Espinosa de los Monteros have since denied it.

The couple said through a spokesperson that “everything was done respecting the law” and that they sold the lofts as commercial properties. “What the buyers did with them later is their own business.”

But an email sent out by Espinosa de los Monteros to other property owners in the building in September 2008 talked about creating an owners’ association, “now that we are all more or less settled in.” On paper, the building continues to be a factory, even though people have been living in it since 2008.

“He told us that the certificate of occupancy was being processed, but one day I went down to the city department and it hadn’t even been requested. He kept talking in circles until he moved away and stopped answering his emails,” says one building resident.

I cannot recollect when I was or wasn’t an architect

Leader of Vox’s Madrid branch, Rocío Monasterio

This newspaper and the Spanish news site El Diario have uncovered similar cases on Villafranca, San Marcos and Amalia streets.

In 2004, the couple mediated in the sale of three lofts built on industrial land that once housed a baking factory on Villafranca street. The buyers, who paid half a million euros each, were eventually evicted by city authorities. They say Monasterio and Espinosa de los Heros had promised to use their contacts to get the paperwork in order, but the license applications were never even filed.

In 2006, a woman named Amaya P. S. bought an auto repair shop on Amalia street and built a loft for which she paid €475,000. She says the couple told her that the industrial property could be rezoned as fit for residential use and that they had contacts in city government that would make the process easier. But the license never arrived. Ten years later, weary of all the legal troubles and the problems with noise and damp, she sold it for €177,000. “Iván and Rocío nearly destroyed my life,” she says. “I hope it doesn’t happen to anybody else.”

English version by Susana Urra.

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