Venezuela opposition envoy urges Biden to ease oil sanctions

The Biden administration has signaled it’s prepared to provide sanctions relief in exchange for concrete steps by Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro

A woman holds a flag of the Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA while attending a rally against corruption and in support of the oil industry in Caracas, on March 25, 2023.LEONARDO FERNANDEZ VILORIA (REUTERS)

The new representative of Venezuela’s opposition in the U.S. is urging the Biden administration to relax crippling oil sanctions on Nicolás Maduro’s government or risk seeing the socialist-run country turn into another Cuba with Washington scapegoated for increasing authoritarianism and economic hardships.

Fernando Blasi’s comments to The Associated Press represent a sharp break from the opposition’s “maximum pressure campaign” of the past four years when it was relying on the U.S. to muscle Maduro out of power.

The failure of that hard-line approach led the opposition in January to oust the beleaguered former lawmaker Juan Guaidó from his role as “interim president,” a title he claimed as head of the National Assembly elected in 2015 — widely considered Venezuela’s last democratic vote. The opposition has replaced that arrangement with a more horizontal style of leadership of mostly exiled politicians.

“If we continue down this path, Venezuela is destined to be another Cuba,” Blasi said in the interview Friday in Miami. “It will become an issue for politicians in Florida to win elections. ... That would be an extremely sad destiny for a country.”

Blasi. 51, discussed the future of U.S. sanctions in recent meetings with mainly Democratic members of Congress, including Rep. Gregory Meeks, the ranking member on the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

While designated in January as the National Assembly’s envoy in the U.S., he cautioned that he doesn’t speak for the opposition Unity Platform as a whole. He acknowledged that many of his allies in the opposition coalition bristle at the idea of rewarding Maduro without upfront commitments to level the playing field ahead of next year’s presidential election.

The Biden administration has signaled it’s prepared to provide sanctions relief in exchange for concrete steps by Maduro such as promising not to ban whatever candidate emerges from opposition primaries later this year. But other than issuing a license to Chevron, so it could resume limited oil production in Venezuela on a six-month trial basis, it has largely left in place a punishing array of sanctions inherited from the Trump administration, which made forcing regime change in the OPEC nation one of its top foreign policy priorities.

Blasi said the pace of sanctions relief is moving too slowly. Negotiations in Mexico, where the government and opposition were supposed to hammer out conditions for next year’s election, haven’t taken place for months, although informal talks have continued in Caracas. He said any easing of sanctions would provide much-needed relief to regular Venezuelans battered by high inflation and shortages. If Maduro fails to honor his commitments, concessions can be quickly reversed, he said.

“Time is running out,” Blasi said. “We have to begin now with a coherent plan whereby we give something and the government reciprocates ... to try and generate the best possible scenario for 2024.”

The Biden administration said that, with the license to Chevron, it had shown itself willing to provide targeted, time-limited sanctions relief.

Responding to an inquiry from AP, the State Department said in an email that “the policy of the United States is to calibrate sanctions on the basis of humanitarian need and positive democratic outcomes and always in close coordination with the Unity Platform.”

Unlike many exiled activists in the opposition, who fled possible arrest in Venezuela following anti-government protests, Blasi left his homeland before Maduro took power in 2013, escaping what he said was an attempt by security forces to extort his medical services company. He settled in Miami, where he built a real estate financing company.

He owes his newfound prominence to his affiliation with the New Era party, a political movement centered around his hometown of Maracaibo, the oil hub in western Venezuela governed by Manuel Rosales, who in recent days has also sided with Maduro in calling for an end to the sanctions. New Era is the smallest of four political parties that dominate the sprawling anti-Maduro coalition. When Guaido was recognized in the U.S. as Venezuela’s legitimate leader, Blasi was accredited as Venezuela’s economic counselor at its U.S. embassy.

Reflecting the opposition’s new down-to-earth approach, Blasi said he won’t be looking to take the title of Venezuela’s ambassador in Washington as was the case the past four years. The budget for diplomatic missions approved last month by opposition lawmakers elected to the National Assembly in 2015 was $646,800 — compared to an average $5.8 million over the past three years.

Still, to operate legally in the U.S., Blasi and a small team are seeking diplomatic cover. They will also need some sort of official recognition to access the $144 million Venezuela’s central bank has parked at the U.S. Federal Reserve and which the opposition relies on to finance the so-called Freedom Fund to speed up a political transition.

As part of his outreach in the U.S., Blasi wants to improve relations with Democrats and ensure continued bipartisan support for the opposition. He said the Trump administration’s unique embrace of Venezuelans’ fight for freedom led many in the opposition to rally behind hardline Republican politicians in Florida and sideline the views of Democrats.

“I don’t want to do what happened in the past and sympathize with one political party to boycott the efforts of the other,” he says.

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