After two days of frank talks with the absence of two key players and dismay over the fact that Cuba was ignored again, the leaders and representatives of 33 nations failed to come up with a final declaration at the VI Summit of the Americas - casting doubt on whether more regional meetings will be held in the future.
Despite this bleak outlook, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, the host of the summit, which was held in Cartagena, denied that this year's meet-up was a failure. The leaders attending decided not to issue a final declaration after failing to agree on the inclusion of clauses regarding Cuba's future presence and on Argentina's sovereignty demands over the Falkland Islands.
"A majority of the participating nations called for a peaceful solution to the [Falklands] conflict," as well as "a desire that Havana be present" at the next meeting to be held in Panama in 2015, Santos said, adding that "it was not expected that there would be a unanimous agreement" over either of these two issues.
Following Santos' inaugural speech, Argentinean President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who had been pushing to include the islands dispute as a major discussion at the summit, went up to the Colombian leader and scolded him: "You forgot to mention the Falklands."
Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper were alone in their opposition to inviting Cuba to the next summit even if the political situation in that Caribbean island had not changed, officials said.
The ALBA bloc of leftist nations - which was founded in 2004 by Venezuela and Cuba - announced on Sunday that it would not be attending the next summit in Panama unless Havana is on the list. The bloc also includes Antigua and Barbuda, Bolivia, Dominica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Suriname, St. Lucia and Haiti have observer status.
Two weeks ago, Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa said that he was not going to the Colombia summit if Cuba wasn't present. Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez also excused himself, but for medical reasons, saying that he had to undergo another session of chemotherapy in Havana to treat his cancer.
But one of the touchiest and most controversial issues brought up officially for the first time at the summit was a call for the discussion over the legalization of drugs in an effort to curtail spiraling narco-violence in the region, especially in Mexico where nearly 50,000 people have died since 2006.
Although Obama and Santos continue to hold different views - Santos favors looking at legalizing some drugs; Obama opposes any type of legalization - the leaders agreed to allow the Organization of American States (OAS) to initiate a formal study on the issue. "We are going to see whether [current] policies are working or if there are more efficient and less costly ways to confront this problem," Santos said.
Obama told business leaders at the summit that such discussions were "legitimate."
Mexican President Felipe Calderón said that leaders also proposed creating an inter-American center to combat organized crime, especially drug trafficking, and will have its headquarters in Mexico City.