The Bank of Spain's Orderly Bank Restructuring Fund (FROB) on Wednesday unveiled the sharply discounted prices at which nationalized bank Bankia will repurchase hybrid financial instruments such as preferred shares and subordinated bonds in exchange for shares in the lender, with some investors set to lose up to 70 percent of their initial investment.
Bankia, the amalgam of seven savings banks led by Caja Madrid, was taken over by the FROB in May of last year after coming unstuck because of its exposure to the ailing property sector.
In the case of preferred shares issued by Caja Madrid for an amount of 2.999 billion euros, investors will receive 62.68 percent of the nominal value of the instruments, meaning that for every 1,000 euros, investors will receive shares in Bankia worth 626 euros.
However, the FROB also set the price for new shares to be issued by Bankia at 1.35266 euros for every 100 shares, a huge discount to Bankia's closing share price on Wednesday of 0.1712 euros. Once the reinvestment rate is taken into account, holders of Caja Madrid preferred shares will receive the equivalent of only 463 euros for every 1,000 euros of their investment.
The FROB said the exchange of these instruments for Bankia shares is compulsory.
As part of Europe's 40-billion-euro loan granted to Spain to help clean up its banks, Brussels insisted that holders of hybrid instruments issued by the savings banks that made up Bankia needed to take a haircut on their investments. Bankia received the bulk of that 40 billion euros.
A number of courts have ruled that Bankia and other nationalized banks mis-sold complex hybrid instruments to unsophisticated investors and ordered them to return the full amount invested plus interest. The government has set up an arbitration system to decide whether investors acquiring such products had been misled.