Our sexual behavior is far more complex than just the simple classification of hetero, gay or bisexual, as science has shown. In fact, our “beloved” tendency to label whatever is different to us is not correct, and can even be due to deeper reasons based on fear, as recent scientific studies have shown.
It all started with a biologist. It was 1948 and Alfred Kinsey swapped the microscope for interviews, speaking to 12,000 people, all of whom narrated their intimate experiences. Conclusion: 37% of men who took part in the study had, at some time, had some kind of homosexual experience, whether real or imagined. He published the results in a book, which became a best-seller but was also, perhaps unsurprisingly, the object of harsh criticism. And no wonder. Religion and ethics had been the order of the day in this area – for example, just a few years after, in 1952, the computer science genius Alan Turing was prosecuted for having relationships with other men.
Alfred Kinsey’s first step has led to countless scientific studies that show the wide variety of human sexual behavior
Alfred Kinsey’s first step has led to countless scientific studies that show the wide variety of human sexual behavior. Recent research shows that our pupils dilate when we are excited (try the test on your partner while he or she looks at different images). This was not easy to measure until recently, but Gerulf Rieger and Ritch C. Savin-William of Cornell University used an infrared scanner on the eyes of 325 volunteers while they watched erotic videos of men and women. Their conclusions are interesting: the first is that the pupils of bisexual men dilated to the same degree regardless of whether they watched men or women – that’s to say, they appeared to have no preference. Secondly, as was to be expected, heterosexual men showed stronger pupil responses to videos featuring women than those with men, although there was a response. That said, heterosexual women showed similar responses to both sexes. In short, there is a wide range of possible responses.
But despite science showing that we cannot easily classify what we feel or desire, we retain any number of obstacles and guilty feelings about diversity. In 2015, Pyschology Today was asked to stop advertising therapists that could “cure” homosexual tendencies. Perhaps if we knew more about what lay behind our rejection we could leave it behind. A study carried out by the University of Essex and the University of California in Santa Barbara analyzed four different studies carried out on a total of 160 people. It revealed a discrepancy between the sexual tendency people expressed and what they really felt. The conclusion is revealing: in reality, homophobes are rejecting their own sexual tendency. Repression in the home, education and what we “should” and “shouldn’t” feel had conditioned them and led them to hate their own tendencies.
In short, sexual conduct is complex, difficult to classify and anything that prevents us from recognizing the diversity of others, as well as our own, is going to hold us back. Rather than judging others, it might be worth asking ourselves how we feel when we see others who are different to us. Until we start looking inside ourselves, we’re going to find it hard to progress. And until that happens, we can only hope that science continues to provide data to convince the skeptics.
English version by Nick Lyne.